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Learn how to invest in the securities market. Whether you are a beginner or an expert, you can find useful information, tips and ideas on investing in this section.

Types Of Stocks

Investing Basics

Types Of Stocks

What types of stocks are there?

Ordinary Stocks
When purchasing an ordinary stock, you own a share of the company. This entitles you to receive profits from the operations of the company in the form of dividends. At the annual general meeting (also referred to as an AGM), you have voting rights. Ordinary stocks are what you will start to trade in and most traders never venture beyond this.

There are, however, other types of securities and these are:

Preferential Stocks
A preference stock is different from an ordinary stock. Preference stockholders receive dividends before dividends on ordinary stocks are announced. If the company is wound up, preference stockholders rank above ordinary stockholders in the distribution of assets. Preference stocks can often have a fixed dividend rate.
Bonus Issue
This is a free issue of stocks to the stockholders based on the number of stocks already owned.
Rights Issue
A rights issue can be granted to stockholders to buy stocks in the company, often below market price.
Derivatives
There are also securities you can trade on the market that derive their price from the parent stocks. There are two types - Options and Warrants - and these are collectively known as Derivatives.

There are two parties involved in an options contract, the writer or seller and the taker or buyer. The writer writes the option and has the obligation of accepting or delivering the stocks. The takers have the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell the stocks.

There are many advantages of options trading, the least of which is leverage. An option can be bought and sold for a fraction of the stock price, giving an effective higher return (or loss) on investment for a stock price move.

Warrants
Warrants, like options, derive their price from the parent security. Warrants though are issued by banks and other financial institutions and are classified based on whether they have an investment or trading purpose.

Warrants may be issued over securities, a portfolio of securities, a stock price index, currency or commodities.