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Learn how to invest in the securities market. Whether you are a beginner or an expert, you can find useful information, tips and ideas on investing in this section.

Reading Market Reports

Investing Basics

Reading Market Reports

As a stock trader, you will begin to pay more interest to the business section of your local newspaper. Most feature a section that deals with Stock Market prices at close of the previous day. In this section, you will come across the following descriptions:

Reading Market Reports
Year's High the highest price for a particular stock for the year.
Year's Low the lowest price for a particular stock for the year.
Stock Code a unique numbering system to identify a particular stock.
Stock Counter the stocks listed on Bursa Malaysia.
Cls'ng (Closing) the closing price for a particular stock for that particular trading day.
+/- the symbol for the increase or decrease in the stock price for that particular day.
+/-% the symbol for the percentage increase or decrease in the stock price.
Lots Traded stocks are normally traded in board lots of 100 units; lots traded will tell you the number of lots traded on a particular day.
Day's High the highest price for a stock in that trading day.
Day's Low the lowest price for a stock in that particular day.
Div Yield a dividend yield is a method of valuing stocks; it is calculated as
Cash Dividend per Stock = Dividend Yield
Market Stock Price
P/E Ratio(Price/Earnings Ratio) the information obtained from this will enable you to make a performance comparison of a company with that of the industry, and from one period to another. The formula is:
Current Market Price = P/E Ratio
Earnings Per Stock
Earning per stock amount of a company's earnings attributable to each ordinary stock of that company.
M Cap(Market Capitalisation) this shows the total value of a listed company's stocks based on the current market price; calculated as:

Stock's Market Price x Number of Stocks Issued

NTA per Stock this indicates the value of assets backing the stock of a company; calculated by:
Net assets of a company
Number of ordinary stocks in it

Reading the stock market performance section of the newspaper is an easy thing to do. You just need to do it a few times until you begin to feel comfortable with it.